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物流(liu)搬运AGV的关键技术 

  2.1 传感器技(ji)术 

  要(yao)(yao)(yao)对AGV小车(che)(che)(che)的(de)当前(qian)位(wei)置、速度(du)以及(ji)行车(che)(che)(che)姿态(tai)等进行实施的(de)监(jian)控(kong)与反馈,才能保证AGV车(che)(che)(che)正(zheng)常稳定的(de)工(gong)作(zuo),将AGV小车(che)(che)(che)所处的(de)详细的(de)状态(tai)信息反馈给控(kong)制器(qi)(qi),并根(gen)据具体情况完(wan)成上位(wei)机的(de)操作(zuo)指令。确保AGV小车(che)(che)(che)能够正(zheng)常的(de)运(yun)行、安(an)全工(gong)作(zuo)的(de)必(bi)要(yao)(yao)(yao)条件就是能实施有效(xiao)获(huo)取内(nei)部(bu)(bu)以及(ji)外部(bu)(bu)环(huan)境状态(tai),智(zhi)能化传(chuan)(chuan)感器(qi)(qi)的(de)出现及(ji)发展进一步(bu)提高了AGV的(de)智(zhi)能化程度(du)。目前(qian)智(zhi)能化传(chuan)(chuan)感器(qi)(qi)主要(yao)(yao)(yao)分为两种(zhong)(zhong)类型,即内(nei)部(bu)(bu)与外部(bu)(bu),内(nei)部(bu)(bu)智(zhi)能化传(chuan)(chuan)感器(qi)(qi)主要(yao)(yao)(yao)用于(yu)控(kong)制以及(ji)监(jian)测AGV自身(shen),外部(bu)(bu)传(chuan)(chuan)感器(qi)(qi)主要(yao)(yao)(yao)是用于(yu)感知(zhi)外部(bu)(bu)的(de)各种(zhong)(zhong)环(huan)境信息,安(an)装在AGV小车(che)(che)(che)上。 

  2.2 智能控制技术 

  智能控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)主(zhu)要(yao)是指(zhi)自(zi)主(zhu)驱动智能机器(qi)实现(xian)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)目标的(de)(de)(de)一种(zhong)自(zi)动控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu),随着计算机信(xin)息技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)以及其(qi)他(ta)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)的(de)(de)(de)发(fa)展与(yu)渗(shen)透,控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)得到了(le)深入的(de)(de)(de)研究与(yu)发(fa)展,控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)系统(tong)(tong)向智能系统(tong)(tong)发(fa)展成(cheng)为了(le)一种(zhong)必然(ran)的(de)(de)(de)趋势。智能控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)的(de)(de)(de)出(chu)现(xian)主(zhu)要(yao)是为了(le)解(jie)决传统(tong)(tong)方(fang)法难以解(jie)决的(de)(de)(de)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)难题,如今主(zhu)要(yao)使用知(zhi)识(shi)学习型智能控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)、模糊控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)、人工智能控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)、神(shen)经(jing)网络控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)等(deng)这几种(zhong)相(xiang)对成(cheng)熟的(de)(de)(de)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)方(fang)法,国(guo)外主(zhu)要(yao)使用神(shen)经(jing)网络控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)与(yu)模糊控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)应用于机器(qi)人控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)领域。 

  2.3 直(zhi)流(liu)电源技术 

  AGV必须要(yao)有(you)(you)充足(zu)的(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)能(neng)才(cai)能(neng)正常工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),目前AGV主(zhu)要(yao)的(de)(de)供(gong)(gong)(gong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)方(fang)(fang)式分为(wei)无线与有(you)(you)线两(liang)种(zhong),其中有(you)(you)线的(de)(de)供(gong)(gong)(gong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)方(fang)(fang)式制(zhi)约(yue)了(le)AGV的(de)(de)自主(zhu)性与行走范围,因此(ci)多采用无线的(de)(de)供(gong)(gong)(gong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)方(fang)(fang)式,主(zhu)要(yao)包括(kuo)携带发动机与车身(shen)上装置直(zhi)流蓄(xu)电(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)这两(liang)种(zhong)供(gong)(gong)(gong)给方(fang)(fang)案,然而这两(liang)种(zhong)方(fang)(fang)式存在着一定的(de)(de)缺陷,制(zhi)约(yue)了(le)AGV在工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)中运行的(de)(de)时(shi)间(jian),影响了(le)系统的(de)(de)持(chi)久(jiu)性与可靠性。由(you)此(ci),应(ying)(ying)提高AGV能(neng)源供(gong)(gong)(gong)给的(de)(de)可靠性以及效率,这样才(cai)能(neng)确保AGV小车顺利有(you)(you)效的(de)(de)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。直(zhi)流电(dian)(dian)(dian)源技术是(shi)AGV小车发展的(de)(de)瓶颈,AGV需要(yao)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)时(shi)间(jian)一般持(chi)续在八个小时(shi)左(zuo)右,长时(shi)间(jian)的(de)(de)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)需要(yao)寻(xun)求(qiu)一种(zhong)满足(zu)长时(shi)间(jian)放电(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)(de)、容量(liang)大的(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),理(li)想的(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)应(ying)(ying)具(ju)有(you)(you)非常高的(de)(de)能(neng)量(liang)密度(du),需要(yao)具(ju)有(you)(you)耐高温、成本低且能(neng)够快速放电(dian)(dian)(dian)、充电(dian)(dian)(dian)等特点。 



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文章热词: agv AGV介绍 激光叉车AGV 仓储机器人 搬运机器人 AGV系统 AGV案例视频 潜伏式AGV 滚筒AGV 牵引AGV 背负AGV


发布时间:2017年04月21日 内(nei)容来源:深圳市(shi)J9九游会AG机器人(ren)有限(xian)公司 浏览:

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